Overview: What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma occurs when the intraocular pressure increases and damages the optic nerve. This part of the eye transmits images to the brain and when the level of pressure elevates, glaucoma may result in permanent vision loss.
Normally, the aqueous humour flows out of the eyes through a mesh-like channel. People with glaucoma, however, have blocked trabecular meshwork that causes the fluid to drain out slowly. The reason for the blockage, however, is still unknown, but eye specialists are certain that it can be inherited. To find out whether you are at risk of glaucoma, visit your local eye doctors for a comprehensive eye exam.
Two Forms of Glaucoma
Glaucoma has two forms: the closed-angle and primary open-angle glaucoma. The first form of glaucoma happens when the drain space between your iris and cornea becomes too narrow. This prevents the fluid from draining properly, which may also cloud the lens. Patients may experience pain and rapid vision loss.
Primary open-angle glaucoma, on the other hand, occurs when the drain structure of the eye looks normal, but the aqueous humour doesn’t flow out as it should. Patients may experience pain and rapid vision loss.
Even with the advanced technology, glaucoma is still not curable. Lost vision caused by this eye disease also remains irreversible. Eye specialists, however, may suggest medications to halt the loss of vision. Regular eye exams may also be necessary to monitor the progression of glaucoma.
Turn to A+ Vision Optometry for a comprehensive eye exam. We’ll help determine whether you have glaucoma or any other eye problem to give the proper care you need. Our eye specialists also provide vision therapy sessions to improve eyesight. Call us today at (949) 377-1312 or fill out our online form to schedule an appointment. We serve residents of Rancho Mission Viejo and Santa Margarita, CA.